Getting rid of bed bugs can be a challenge if the infestation is severe. Here, you will get 10 home remedies that are used to kill bed bugs naturally and permanently. These are Baking Soda, Diatomaceous Earth, Thyme, Sweet Flag, Neem Oil, Lavender and Peppermint oil, Clove, Cayenne Pepper, Indian Lilac, Tea Tree Oil. Read the full article to learn more.
Bed bugs are small blood-sucking creatures that come out at nights to feed on its prey. They reproduce rapidly and can survive for over a year without any food. And, they are carried to new places through clothes and luggage and have the capacity to take over a whole new area. They can also move between the apartments through infiltration. Getting rid of them permanently can be a challenge and may require multiple treatments to knock them off completely.
Bed bugs are oval-shaped, reddish-brown insects that are almost 5mm in size. They are hard to notice as they keep hiding throughout the day. They bite at night and immediately reach the hiding spot. Some people have severe itching due to the bites and some may not feel any difference at all. You can understand their presence if you look very closely at your mattresses and other furniture. See if you have blood spots or dark brown stains on your mattress. You can also look for their exoskeleton that they shed during their molting stage. Check the crevices and the cracks in the furniture very well. You might be able to look for their outer shells. Check the seams of the pillow covers and the cushions to spot the presence of their eggs.
It is very important to remove them permanently because they can multiply very fast and have the capability to take over your entire home. So just controlling them wouldn’t be sufficient to save yourself from their bites. To exterminate them you can either call professionals or you can do it yourself. Seeking help from professionals can be very expensive as they may require multiple treatments as mentioned above. In this article we are providing you with 10 home bed bug remedies are used to get rid of the bugs. However, if you are using natural remedies for bed bugs, remember to combine few home remedies at a time so that they are proven more effective.
10 Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Naturally
1. Baking Soda
Sodium bicarbonate, commonly known as baking soda or baking powder, is a fine white powder that is a common kitchen ingredient. This common kitchen ingredient is used in cooking, cleaning, practical medicine and also to treat tan skin. When Baking soda comes in contact with the bugs it absorbs the fluid from a bed bug’s waxy shell. Since bed bugs rely on the waxy layer of their shell to stay hydrated, baking soda absorbs those surface fluids and cause the bugs to dehydrate. Thus, it becomes the reason bed bugs death.
2. Diatomaceous Earth
It is one of the best home remedies to kill bed bugs. The food grade variation of Diatomaceous Earth is a chemical free, non-toxic insecticide that is used to control pests at homes. It is effective even in killing the fleas. It comes with a fine crystalline powder.
When Diatomaceous earth comes in contact with bed bugs it absorbs the body fluid from the bugs waxy shell thus dehydrating it to death. It also hinders the movement of the bed bugs due to its frictional properties.
Apply a thin layer of Diatomaceous Earth powder around your house, focusing on areas you feel that bed bugs may be hiding. Don’t forget the cracks in your mattresses. After the few days vacuum the Diatomaceous Earth powder and reapply it until you get satisfactory results. It takes 7 to 17 days to kill the bugs and might require multiple applications to get rid of the infestation completely although it provides a long-lasting effect. Before using Diatomaceous Earth powder make sure it is food grade and suitable for indoor usage.
Thyme essential oil or thymol concentrate is an effective bed bug repellent and deterrent as well. It has antimicrobial properties which help to get rid of bed bugs. But using it to repel bed bugs may not be as easy as other home remedies.
To use it as bed bug repellant tie the thyme stick with a cotton cloth and burn near the places where you think the bed bugs would be residing.
You can also put thyme leaves in net bags and put it around the infested area. Remember to change the bags with new leaves every three days. Follow the same procedure for at least 30 days until you repel the bed bugs completely. It may take a while but it will help you to get rid of bed bugs permanently.
4. Sweet Flag
The sweet flag also known as Acorus calamus is a semi-aquatic plant found in Eurasia and the Americas. This plant has been used for its medicinal and insecticidal properties since long back. Its antimicrobial property makes the sweet flag effective against bed bugs.
Make a solution of sweet flag and water with one liter of water and 100g of sweet flag. Add 50g turmeric to the mixture. Boil the mixture for about an hour. Keep this solution a sealed container for a day and the next day strain the mixture and dilute it further with water. Keep the ratio of the actual mixture to diluted mixture 1:10. Transfer it to a spray container and spray the affected areas.
5. Neem Oil
This remedy is known to almost all the people. It has been used for generations. We have seen our grandma grandpa using this powerful home remedy to treat various medical issues. The branches, the twigs, the leaves, the seeds are all used for medicinal purposes with beneficial results. Researchers have been researching on this plant for years and they found that it has high toxicity and can repel a number of pests. It was also revealed that it has high larval growth inhibition properties.
To use it as a pest repellent, make a spray solution with 1 ounce of concentrated neem essential oil to 4 ounces of water. To emulsify the solution, add a little soap. Stir it well and keep the solution in a spray container. Spray all the places with this solution where you think the bed bugs would be hiding. Follow the same procedure for three times a day for the first three days then follow the same procedure every alternate day. Continue for 18 days to get rid of the bed bugs completely.
6. Lavender and Peppermint oil
A mixture of essential oils like lavender oil and peppermint oil can be used to treat bed bugs. These are known as natural insecticides and have innumerable ways of usage to kill bed bugs effectively. Before purchasing these essential oils make sure you purchase the original products.
You can rub lavender oil on the feet of your beds and sprinkle them at every corner of your room. You can sprinkle some drops of lavender oil to the feet of your bed and at the corners of your room. This will help deter the bed bugs and will also allow you to get a peaceful sleep since lavender oil is known for its sleep-inducing properties.
Add 10 to 15 drops of lavender essential oil and 10 to15 drops of peppermint oil and store in a spray container. Spray the solution in the potential places where the bedbugs would be residing.
You can also make cotton balls soaked in lavender oil and peppermint oil. Keep the cotton balls around your bed, inside the closet and other infested areas. Bed bugs get disturbed by the smell of this oil mixture and stay away.
Clove oil has strong insect repellent properties. The bugs can’t survive the acidic pH of cloves. Its pungent smell also disturbs their survival. Mix 1 teaspoon clove essential oil with 1 cup water in a spray bottle and shake well. Spray this mixture around your bed, in the crevices and cracks in the furniture and other infested areas.
8. Cayenne Pepper
Cayenne pepper is used by our ancestors to repel the bed bugs. It does not kill the bed bus; it can only keep them away. Take 1 tablespoon of cayenne powder, oregano, and grated ginger and mix them together. Add water to the mixture and boil them. Strain the mixture and keep it in a spray container. Spray this mixture on the entrance to prevent them entering your residence. Also, spray the areas with this mixture where you think the bed bugs could be hiding. The smell of the solution disturbs the bed bugs and they tend to stay away.
9. Indian Lilac
Take some Indian Lilac leaves and crush them and put them in net bags. Place the net bags on your bed, at the corners of your room, the entrance and every other place where there is a possibility of infestation. The smell and antimicrobial properties of this plant exterminate bed bugs effectively.
You can also treat the bed bug bites with Indian Lilac leaves. Boil some leaves in water for about 15 minutes and strain the water and wash yourself with this water. It will help to reduce the itchiness caused by bed bug bites and also will help to keep them away from you. It is the best home remedies for bed bugs bites.
10. Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is one of the miraculous essential oils which is considered to be an effective insecticidal. Its antimicrobial properties allow you to get rid of all sorts of microbes including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. It effectively disrupts the permeability barrier of cell membrane structures damaging the membrane of the cell.
You can mix tea tree oil with water and pour it in a spray bottle. Spray the walls, furniture, carpets, linens, beds, drapes, cupboards, mattresses and clothes. Follow this procedure once a week to eradicate the bed bugs completely. Shae well the mixture before every use.
You can get rid of bed bugs with these simple home remedies but remember that you should follow the aforementioned guidelines religiously. Don’t forget that multiple remedies should be carried out at a time to knock them off your place completely.