Bed bugs are small oval-shaped insects that are reddish-brown or mahogany in color. They feed on the blood of humans and other warm-blooded animals. They made their resurgence in the recent years. Also, they can be a real trouble to get rid of because of their reproduction rates and their capacity to infest a new place by association. They are a national epidemic problem. Their presence is not limited to low-income areas. They are present everywhere starting from a five-star hotel to a slum. And, they come out at night to satisfy their hunger and remains hidden during the daytime. They spend their life by feeding and mating.
How Bedbugs Bites and Suck Blood
They target the exposed area of the host. Also, they don’t come out every single night to feed. And, they may be fed as little as once a week. They take three minutes to ten minutes to suck the blood and immediately hide themselves.
The bites tend to appear in gig gag rows of three or four or clustered in a group. The bites are raised, red welts that are itchy and are most commonly found on the upper part of the body. They target the exposed area of the host. Some may have an immediate reaction and still others may have a delayed reaction and not show welts for several days. It can even take up to ten days for some people to show bite marks.
They have two mouth parts and those are used to pierce the skin and then suck blood. As they inject their straw-like beaks into human skin they release a little amount of anesthesia so that their bites do not create any sensation to the skin of the host. This saliva allows the blood keeps flowing and causes that itching sensation.
Does Bed Bugs Causes Diseases on Human
Different individuals react to bed bug bites in a different manner. Some may experience severe infection whereas for others the symptoms can go completely unnoticed. Around 30 disease pathogens have been found in these bloodsucking bugs till date, but none of these diseases have ever been transmitted to a human from a bite. It is considered very unlikely that they will transmit any disease to a human.
Bed bugs may also acquire diverse microbes when they feed on an infected person or other warm-blooded animals. Most of the microbes will be absorbed along with the blood. Only a few kinds of pathogens may still persevere and even develop within the bed bug. Till now bed bugs are not known to transmit any pathogenic agent. The medical concern is the itching and swelling caused by the bites. You may start experiencing insomnia as a result of distressing that you will be chomped again.
Effect on nervous and digestive system
Some reports claimed that they are capable of spreading blood infesting disease organisms. This can affect the nervous system and digestive system. Infants dwelling in an infested house tend to become lethargic and insipid.
They take a small amount of blood every time they bite. Unless the infestation is like huge (and what I mean by huge is huge- possibly in the tens of thousands) they will not cause anemia.
Intense itching and scratching may lead to infection if the skin becomes scuffed. The bumps can become blistered and maybe filled will puss. However, infections are not caused by the bed bugs. Instead, the infections are caused by the person. A very normal reaction to the bite of an arthropod is itching and irritation and itching cause the individual to scratch. Bacteria and other microbes on fingernails can then be transmitted to the scuffed skin and lead to a mild or much more severe infection. So, the main problem arises due to scratching.
Allergic reactions can also occur as a result of bed bug bites. Bed bug injects saliva into the wound during biting. This saliva numbs any sort of sensation and also helps to stop the blood from clotting. A person who gets a lot of bites is likely to develop an immunity to the components of the saliva of the bed bugs. If a person becomes immune they will hardly get any swelling and itching from the bites. And, If allergic reactions occur the skin can become extremely swollen and itchy. If this is the case, the infected person may need to visit his/her personal physician in order to get steroid cream or a steroid injection to get rid of the allergic reaction.
Some people may develop a far more vigorous allergic reaction that may manifest with regional or systemic symptoms, including swelling. Very rarely, a person may experience an anaphylactic reaction that can be life-threatening. This can even result in the individual’s demise. Thus, they can also be the cause of an individual’s death.
Bed bugs and their bites can indirectly contribute to a person’s more rapid demise. Some people suffer just imagining the bed bugs. They are phobic to bugs and can pursue unwise efforts to terminate the imaginary bed bugs. They may also use unnecessary pest control that will harm their own health. And, They can kindle their mattresses or homes, or dose themselves with products that cause far more harm than would the bed bugs. Any of these activities can curtail a person’s life.
Bed bugs are blood-sucking insects that can cause simple irritation to severe infection. Although the number of people suffered from their infection is very little and there can be rare incidences of a life threat. They are a national epidemic problem and steps should be taken at earliest to control the infestation of bed bugs before they take on the whole world.